O’Neill, Eugene Gladstone (American playwright, October 16, 1888-November 27, 1953), “The Web,”
a __-minute tragedy in English, set in a squalid bedroom on the top floor of a rooming house on the lower East Side, New York City, in the early hours of a rainy summer night, ____,
© ___ by Eugene O’Neill;
• in Eugene O’Neill’s Complete Plays, Vol. 1, 1913-1920, edited by Travis Bogard (New York: Random House, Inc., 1988), ISBN 0-940450-48-8, containing “Recklessness,” 2m2f; “Fog,” 3m1f + extras; “Thirst,” 2m1f; “Before Breakfast,” 1f; “Shell Shock,” 4m or 3m + extra m; or “The Dreamy Kid,” 1m3f;
• script/rights available from Samuel French, Inc., 45 West 45th Street New York, New York 10010-2751, U.S.A., telephone 212-206-8990, fax 212-206-1429, http://www.samuelfrench.com; Samuel French, Inc. 7623 Sunset Boulevard, Dept. W, Hollywood, California 90046-2785, U.S.A., telephone 213-876-0570; fax 323-876-6822; Samuel French, Inc. 11963 Ventura Boulevard, Studio City, California 91604, U.S.A., telephone 818-762-0535; Samuel French (Canada) Ltd. 100 Lombard Street, Dept. W, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1M3, Canada, telephone 416-363-3536, fax 416 363-1108; Samuel French, Ltd. 52 Fitzroy Street-Dept. W, London W1P 6JR, England, telephone (44207) 387-9373, fax (44207) 387-2161, http://www.samuelfrench-london.co.uk/sf/Pages/acted/sfactingeds.html, SF 25613.
• Cited in Play Index, 1988-1992: An Index to 4,397 Plays, edited by Juliette Yaakov (__-__) and John Greenfieldt (__-__) (New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, 1993), ISSN 0554-3037, LCCN 64-1054, 542 pp.
Steve (m), a “Cadet”; Tim Morgan (m), a Yeggman; Rose Thomas (f), 22, in an advanced stage of consumption; A Policeman (m extra); Two Plain Clothes Men (m extras).
“Tubercular prostitute is unjustly jailed for murdering escaped convict who protected her from pimp.”—Yaakov and Greenfieldt, p. 292.
A “consumptive prostitute named Rose . . . , forced by her pimp to work on a wet and cold night, dies, leaving her infant motherless.”—1997 Basic Catalogue of Plays and Musicals (New York; London; Hollywood, California, U.S.A.; Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Samuel French, Inc., 1996), p. 249.
Eugene O'Neill’s Thirst, and Other One Act Plays is a collection of five plays, written in 1913 and 1914. The compilation was originally published in 1914. Electronic editions of “Fog,” “Recklessness,” “Thirst,” “Warnings,” “The Web” are available courtesy of eOneill.com's eText Archive; see Thirst, http://www.eoneill.com/texts/thirst/contents.htm, accessed February 16, 2003.
• Not to be confused with Thomas Stirling Boyd’s The Web, a play in three acts (New York city, Samuel French, 1925), 115 pp., LCCN 25-24703.
• “Born October 16th, 1888, in New York City. Son of James O'Neill, the popular romantic actor. First seven years of my life spent mostly in hotels and railroad trains, my mother accompanying my father on his tours of the United States, although she never was an actress, disliked the theatre, and held aloof from its people. From the age of seven to thirteen attended Catholic schools. Then four years at a non-sectarian preparatory school, followed by one year (1906-1907) at Princeton University. After expulsion from Princeton I led a restless, wandering life for several years, working at various occupations. Was secretary of a small mail order house in New York for a while, then went on a gold prospecting expedition in the wilds of Spanish Honduras. Found no gold but contracted malarial fever. Returned to the United States and worked for a time as assistant manager of a theatrical company on tour. After this, a period in which I went to sea, and also worked in Buenos Aires for the Westinghouse Electrical Co., Swift Packing Co., and Singer Sewing Machine Co. Never held a job long. Was either fired quickly or left quickly. Finished my experience as a sailor as able-bodied seaman on the American Line of transatlantic liners. After this, was an actor in vaudeville for a short time, and reporter on a small town newspaper. At the end of 1912 my health broke down and I spent six months in a tuberculosis sanatorium. Began to write plays in the Fall of 1913. Wrote the one-act Bound East for Cardiff in the Spring of 1914. This is the only one of the plays written in this period which has any merit. In the Fall of 1914, I entered Harvard University to attend the course in dramatic technique given by Professor George Baker. I left after one year and did not complete the course. The Fall of 1916 marked the first production of a play of mine in New York - Bound East for Cardiff - which was on the opening bill of he Provincetown Players. In the next few years this theatre put on nearly all of my short plays, but it was not until 1920 that a long play Beyond the Horizon was produced in New York. It was given on Broadway by a commercial management - but, at first, only as a special matinee attraction with four afternoon performances a week. However, some of the critics praised the play and it was soon given a theatre for a regular run, and later on in the year was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. I received this prize again in 1922 for Anna Christie and for the third time in 1928 for Strange Interlude. The following is a list of all my published and produced plays which are worth mentioning, with the year in which they were written: Bound East for Cardiff (1914), Before Breakfast (1916), The Long Voyage Home (1917), In the Zone (1917), The Moon of the Carabbees (1917), Ile (1917), The Rope (1918), Beyond the Horizon (1918), The Dreamy Kid (1918), Where the Cross is Made (1918), The Straw (1919), Gold (1920), Anna Christie (1920}, The Emperor Jones (1920), Different (1920), The First Man (1921), The Fountain (1921-22), The Hairy Ape (1921 ), Welded (1922), All God's Chillun Got Wings (1923), Desire Under the Elms (1924), Marco Millions (1923-25), The Great God Brown (1925), Lazarus Laughed (1926), Strange Interlude (1926-27), Dynamo (1928 ), Mourning Becomes Electra (1929-31) , Ah, Wilderness (1932), Days Without End (1932-33). • Biographical note on Eugene O'Neill: After an active career of writing and supervising the New York productions of his own works, O'Neill (1888-1953) published only two new plays between 1934 and the time of his death. In The Iceman Cometh (1946), he exposed a «prophet's» battle against the last pipedreams of a group of derelicts as another pipedream and managed to infuse into the «Lower Depths» atmosphere a sense of the tragic. A Moon for the Misbegotten (1952) contains a strong autobiographical content, which it shares with Long Day's Journey into Night (posth. 1956), one of O'Neill's most important works. The latter play, written, according to O'Neill, «in tears and blood... with deep pity and understanding and forgiveness for all the four haunted Tyrones», had its premiere at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm. Sweden grew into an O'Neill centre with the first productions of the one-act play Hughie (posth. 1959) as well as A Touch of the Poet (posth. 1958) and an adapted version of More Stately Mansions (posth. 1962 ) - both plays being parts of an unfinished cycle in which O'Neill returned to his earlier attempts at making psychological analysis dramatically effective.” [From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969). This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.] Eugene O'Neill died on November 27, 1953.—Eugene O'Neill - Autobiography, http://nobelprize.org/literature/laureates/1936/oneill-autobio.html, accessed May 27, 2006.
adverse weather, consumption, mother-daughter relationship, prostitution, tuberculosis.